A Timeline - The Civil War from Three Perspectives
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Eastern Theater


Culpeper County


Graffiti House

Nov 1860 - Lincoln is elected President Pre-   Pre- 1858 - House built by James Barbour

Feb - Confederate States of America is formed
April - Fort Sumter is attacked; Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers
July -  Federal army is defeated at Manassas

1861   1861  

May/July - Federal forces stall then retreat in front of Richmond following Robert E. Lee’s appointment to command
Aug/Sep - Confederate forces win at 2nd Manassas but are stopped at Antietam
Dec - Federal forces suffer costly defeat at Fredericksburg


Aug - Battle of Cedar Mountain.  Army of Northern Virginia moves toward Manassas
Oct - Confederate forward position established at Rappahannock River


1862 Aug - Norfolk Light Artillery signatures

Jan - Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
May - Confederates defeat Federal forces at Chancellorsville but “Stonewall” Jackson is mortally wounded
July - Lee invades the North for a second time but is stopped at Gettysburg.
Nov - Army of the Potomac winters in Culpeper County, Virginia


March - Battle of Kelly’s Ford
April - Stoneman’s Cavalry Raid
June - Initiation of the Gettysburg campaign; The Battle of Brandy Station
Aug - Confederate forward position established at Rappahannock River
Nov - Confederates retire to the Rapidan River and the Army of the Potomac’s winter encampment begins


March - Maryland Scroll created
April - Beverly’s Ford battle report
June - Casualty signatures from battle of Brandy Station
July - Visitors after Gettysburg campaign

Nov/Dec - Winter encampment drawings & history

May/June - Federal offensive begins with battles at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor.  Despite heavy casualties Federal forces remain in contact with the Confederates.
June - Federal siege of Petersburg begins
Nov - Lincoln is re-elected President

1864 May - The Federal spring offensive begins 1864 Jan/May - Winter encampment drawings & history
March - "Old" 3rd Corps abolished

April - Federal forces break through Confederate lines at Five Forks.  The Confederate government evacuates Richmond and surrenders shortly after.
April 14th - Lincoln is assassinated.

1865   1865